Soybean (scientific name: Glycine Max (Linn.) Merr.) known as beans.Legume soybean annual herb, 30-90 cm tall.Stems stout, erect, densely covered with brown long bristles.Leaves usually 3 lobule;Stipule veins, yellow villous;Petiole 2-20 cm;Lobules ovate, wide paper;Raceme shorter spend less, long spend;Peduncles usually have 5-8 flower sessile, tightly packed;Bracts lanceolate, rigid hairs;Small bracts lanceolate, lie down bristles;Sepals lanceolate, flowers purple, light purple or white, base with valve handle, petals gas.Pods hypertrophy, slightly curved, sagging, yellow green, densely brown woolly;Seeds 2-5, elliptic, nearly spherical, seed coat smooth, has the variety such as light green, yellow, brown and black.Flowering 6 - July, fruiting 7-9 months.
Native to China, all parts of China have cultivated, also widely cultivated around the world.Soybean is one of the important food crops in China, five thousand years of cultivation history, called glycine, main production areas in China's northeast, is a kind of its crop seeds contain rich plant protein.Soybean is the most commonly used to do all kinds of bean products, to extract soybean oil, fermented soy sauce and extraction of proteins.
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